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Monday 12-Feb-2018
【Oh!爸媽】【英國升學考Ukiset】陶傑考試設計:不是刁難學生 真正考獨立思維
香港小三BCA是否復考要三月才有定案──當中題型設計過份刁鑽,不是考學童基本能力;然而,全球教育體系下,真的有種公開試題型會令學生覺得有趣,不用操練而測試出不同程度的能力?

近年不少學生就算不往英國升學,也會應考英國私立入學考試(Ukiset),旨在多一個成績參考,與英國同齡學生程度做對比參考。此考試最低應考年齡為九歲,跟香港小三BCA相若。專欄作家陶傑直指香港考試,只為刁難學生:「考試動機要友善,並不是『陰』細路。英國所有考試試卷的設計都很友善。」
 
 

▲陶傑一直強調自己崇優、鄙愚。說起香港、英國兩地試卷的設計,他肯定的說,英國所有試卷設計,都沒有特意設陷阱「坑學童」之心。
他的長子現於英國讀大學修讀工商管理,而 15歲幼子目前就讀一「雙軌制」的中學,正在學習日文。問他可會送幼子到英國讀書,他笑道,外間的人總 Stereotype (將他歸類)陶傑兒子一定要去英國讀書,不過,他其實放手由兒子揀:「如果他對考古有興趣,大到好似李樂詩非去北極、南極不可,我一樣會鼓勵佢去北大讀書!」
 

英式題型  重解難能力  

近年往英國升學的學童年齡愈來愈小,家長亦需要了解當地的公開試制度,讓子女作好準備。英國私立入學考試(Ukiset,全名United Kingdom Independent Schools’ Entry Test)。近年全球教育制度改變出現弊端,在陶傑眼中,Ukiset考試對英國中學教育來說,像「最大公約數」用以衡量「全球化」下的學童的英、數水平。就算不打算報讀英國學校的香港學生,近年也有報考,以測試自己的學術水平,而他鼓勵學生應考:「這個試是考學生獨立思考。」以選擇題為主,學生像在有限選擇內揀答案,亦少有「撞彩」;反觀香港的選擇題設計,他形容「很奸」,在答案故佈疑陣,「我不喜歡香港教育制度,成年人很惡毒,設計的題目是為刁難小孩;英國的考試終究(設計)是叫學生不用緊張,relax!然後 Show-off我睇識多少……香港不是,學生坐低考試,(試題)不住佈滿毒針,要令他們很驚,很confused。」他直指香港不是施行一個教育制度,而是為「考試而攞分」制度。「設計題目根本是要刁難學生,六十分鐘要他們答八十道題目,極不人道。但 UKiset 卻不是這樣,因為它跟其他英國考試一樣,是友善而不是敵意的,測試想看學生解難能考。」他覺得選擇題設計,要「反璞歸真」,「識就識,無撞彩……這對於早喪失答卷本能的學生來說,是很難。」

同是選擇題,他不評論香港 BCA題型是否刻意「坑細路」:「是否有必要小三去考這個試?令很多小孩緊張,因為平時他們讀書、考試、測驗已經很多。我不贊成……我係家長,送去英國讀書『一了百了』。」他反對小三 BCA是因為此年齡階段應多「遊戲」:「學校平時沒有評估嗎?而萬一 學校BCA低咗,會否影響教育局資助?這些壓力,對小三孩子有沒有影響?根本那是成人的政治世界。」

 

他坦言,香港大學學額相對少,因此非用刁鑽考試形式,先篩走「本來可以讀大學」那批人:「英國沒有那個(升大學)金字塔,雖然不是人人都可以讀大學,不過,他們的考試目的,可以知道哪些人是優秀、哪些合格──我 Set了一份卷可以搵到那幾個 percent的優良,卻同時有其他形式,像 Oral、Coursework補救。」

 

 

預測公開試成績 考智商水平

早年 「Oh!爸媽」曾專訪 UKiset 考試負責人Alastair Montgomery(詳見「拆解入學試UKiset 獨家專訪Alastair Montgomery 披露港生優勢」一文,對方強調 UKiset是一個凌駕於既有知識的考試 (free from learnt knowledge),看的是考生解難的能力,因此,並沒有Past paper可供「操卷」。而香港和中國學生的數理一直最強的,特別在非文字推理 (non-vebal reasoning)一卷。而試卷乃不同權威教育機構研發,如杜倫大學(Durham University) 和劍橋大學 (Cambridge University) 。
考畢Ukiset後,將有兩份分別給學生及學校的成績表,學校那份將列出,估計學生將來在 GCSE(英國的中五會考)A-Level(英國高考) and IB 的成績。這個考試可說是本地中小學版「IELTS」。

英國升學專家,Britannia StudyLink英識教育 陳思銘(Samuel)表示,就算九歲應考也可預測十六歲考 GCSE 時候成績,給學校參考,以茲改善個別學術能力強弱之處。據他提供的資料,自2014年開始,本地學生約有 374人應考,16至 17年度已增加至 755人(約1800人赴英升學),合格率達 91%(可入讀第一、二志願學校),而當中以 15歲學童應考人數最多。「很多頂尖英國學校校長都說過,要測試學生的,是他們的 potential(潛質),而不是他們的 learned skills。」因此,慣於操練答題技巧,屬Well-trained的學生,卻不容易應付,本身考試題型設計是先篩走這類精於操卷的學生,揀選 well-brained 的學生。他補充,試題主要是選擇題,其他有填充和作文,由於每年的題型都不同,因此考生難以「操卷」:「不少香港學生考 UKiset ,最弱是 Time Management──十分鐘做十題計,做完不可返回前一題,你便要在有限時間去做。」

 

獲 UKiset 全球唯一官方認可的教育中心 Ascent Prep,負責設計補習課程的導師 Simon Whitaker (劍橋大學英語系一級榮譽畢業)表示,UKiset 的題目每年不同,並沒有特定問題。「其實旨在測試學生的智商水平。」
導師Logan Vasudeva (劍橋大學工程系畢業)則說,香港學生對「非文字推理」部分較弱,「因為他們很少在校的常規考試做這類型問題。舉例說,題目有四個不同圖形,需要在當中找出其相同之處,從而推敲第五個圖形是怎樣。」


▲(左起)Britannia StudyLink英識教育 陳思銘(Samuel)、 Ascent Prep教育中心 導師Logan Vasudeva 、陶傑、 Simon Whitaker。

 

認識 UKiset

UKiset 乃專門為 9至18 歲以非英語為母語的海外學生而設的英國私立學校統一入學試,用以測試學生三方面的推理能力:英語(Verbal reasoning)、數學 (Mathematics)、邏輯(Non-verbal reasoning)
傳統英國寄宿學校如 Eton College和 Oundle School需要學生提供 UKiset 成績,以作為初步的遴選過程。有些傳統名校如 The Leys 和 Epsom 甚至會直接用 UKiset 的成績去取代入學試。

 

原文:http://www.ohpama.com/266957/overseas/%E8%8B%B1%E5%9C%8B%E5%8D%87%E5%AD%B8%E8%80%83ukiset%E3%80%80%E9%99%B6%E5%82%91%E8%A9%95%E8%80%83%E8%A9%A6%E8%A8%AD%E8%A8%88%EF%BC%9A%E4%B8%8D%E6%98%AF%E5%88%81%E9%9B%A3%E5%AD%B8%E7%94%9F/

 
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With an entrepreneurial spirit spreading across online, print and broadcast media, Samuel is an award-winning educational consultant and celebrated columnist. As a leader in the field of education, he was honoured with the British Council’s Study UK Alumni Award and his most prestigious achievement to date includes the founding of Hong Kong’s premier educational brands - Britannia StudyLink, Anglo Belgravia and Ascent Prep. 
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Mabel Chan is the Principal Consultant of Britannia. Having studied in both the UK and the US, she is an expert in school matching for overseas education. She writes education columns for Sing Tao Daily and The Standard, and answers questions arising from parents and students patiently.

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