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Tuesday 19-Jul-2016
英國古怪命名學

每個國家都有它特別的道路命名學,也有各種各樣背後的故事。喺英國生活多年,都算見識過好多奇奇怪怪嘅地方名:No Name Street、Happy Land、Squeeze Guts Alley、Land of Green Ginger等,第一次聽真係滿腦問號。又例如Barking同Reading市,同狗吠或者讀書係無乜關係。

 

其實好多英國望落去似係亂改嘅地方名,背後都帶有歷史涵義。由於England以前係Anglo-Saxon佔領地,今日大家見到Paddington、Kensington同Tottenham呢啲以"ton"、"ington" 或者 "ham" 收尾嘅地方名,就係用以前嘅Anglo-Saxon chief命名。而以下五個另類地方名背後亦有一段故,歡迎大家俾下「趣」。

 

1. Bleeding Heart Yard



位於Hatton Garden嘅Bleeding Heart Yard聽落去詭異,據聞1626年Hatton Garden主人嘅妻子Lady Elizabeth Hatton喺度搞咗場舞會,半路突然有位官仔骨骨嘅神秘人邀請她跳舞,後來二人雙雙離開舞會。第二朝早Elizabeth就被發現伏屍Hatton Garden庭園,五臟六腑唔見晒,剩低一個bleeding heart攤咗喺路邊......不過呢個都只係城市傳聞,信不信由你。另外亦有一個講法,話呢度係根據以前一間叫Bleeding Heart嘅酒吧命名,正常好多......



2. Elephant & Castle



呢個位於倫敦中心嘅道路交匯處,冇大笨象,亦冇啲咩城堡。點解會改個咁無厘頭嘅名?其實只係因為附近有間出名嘅旅館叫Elephant and Castle。呢間酒吧犀利到連莎士比亞都識,所以《第十二夜》 (Twelfth Night)有句咁嘅對白:「In the south suburbs, at the Elephant, is best to lodge.」

 

3. Pudding Lane


​以為Pudding Lane係賣布甸?錯啦。Pudding係中古時期一個terms,意思係動物內臟。由於以前呢度充滿大大小小肉店,掛滿動物內臟,因此被稱爲Pudding Lane。呢度喺1666年曾經發生英國歷年最嚴重嘅火災,稱為Great Fire of London,現時火災嘅原址有一座紀念碑。

 

4. Hanger Lane  


呢個倫敦地鐵站好易令人諗起吊頸,或者係香港嘅調景嶺(吊頸嶺),真係聽到都寒一寒......但其實唔洗咁驚嘅,呢度無厲鬼流連,只係用車站隔離嘅Hanger Hill 命名。至於Hanger係源自一個古英文字Hangra,意思係 a wood on a slope,唔知真係嚇鬼......

 

5. Piccadilly Circus



倫敦West End嘅Piccadilly Circus,個名聽落好似比卡超,但其實Piccadill係英國十六世紀非常流行嘅lace大圓領,當年賣呢款衫領起家嘅裁縫就住喺廣場附近。至於Circus唔係解馬戲團,而係迴旋處。

 

所以話,英國好多地方聽落去無厘頭,但都有佢嘅命名哲學同歷史緣由。By the way,英國人其實都似中國人一樣迷信。中國人覺得「四」呢個數字不詳,而很多英國人就認定「十三」係unlucky。倫敦某啲街道例如Fleet Street、Oxford Street、Park Lane同St. Jame's Street,係唔會有13號街號。如果你搵到嘅話記得話我知,因為果度肯定係異次元。



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Samuel Chan, the winner of Alumni Awards 2017, is the founder of Britannia. He had studied in the UK since the age of 9 for 15 years and achieved his master degree in International Political Economy at University of Warwick. Now he shares his experiences and professional advice in education columns in Hong Kong’s major newspapers.

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