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Tuesday 29-Dec-2015
師生也瘋狂-TSA顛覆教育
近日弄得滿城風雨的TSA使香港家長和學生叫苦連天,除了失望,還感到絕望和無助。
 
 
在假期堆積如山的功課、由早到晚的私人補習,使教育失去了自主性。這些臭名遠播的現象都曾在1990年代發生過,並受不少傳媒報導,稱之為”Washback effect”(倒流效應)。
 
 
Washback effect指的是考試對教育和學習的影響,例如課程編排,教學手法,輔導學生自我增值等,都以考試主導。
 
 
隨著教育在現今社會的重要性日益提高,所謂Washback的力度也不斷加強。情況甚至不止於香港,並蔓延至其他地區。
 
 
現今教育灌輸學生如何在考試中脫穎而出,卻鮮有關心他們的道德觀以及內涵。
 
 
當然並非所有考試測驗都有弊無利。測驗可以成為一種外在動力,例如讓一些不太細心的學生勤於覆核考卷,更正錯誤,一定程度上提高他們的專注力。
 
 
而最近衍生出Overt和Covert Backwash的概念,令考試測驗再次陷入被濫用的困局中。
 
 
Overt backwash意指學生在堂上不停「操past papers」準備考試,實則是訓練學生「睇題目」,然後做卷。而不少研究證明這種練習對學生弊多於利,充其量只是令他們對考卷上的空格產生慣性,總會懂得填一些答案而已。
 
 
Covert backwash則是「照書教」。老師將書本逐頁讀,忽視了課後討論、互動教學和練習等,將重點轉為由學生背誦課文內容當成完成教學。
 
 
這一堆術語背後,我擔心的其實是…?
 
 
首先,老師可能會為配合考試主導的教育而墮入與學生瘋狂做練習的陷阱,喪失了自己的創意以及作為教師的自我價值。
 
 
許多公立學校老師的才華被教學壓力和考試導向的機械式教育埋末了。實際上,不少老師都具備豐富知識、技能和涵養,並有能力為學生的未來建立康莊大道,無法一展抱負只因被制度框住。
 
 
西方私立學校對「求學求分數」的概念也不算完全免疫,可是老師有較多空間作自我反思和對教學水平自我評價。由於他們較多自省,並敢於採用嶄新的教學方式,能更全面地為學生帶來全人教育。
 
 
香港教育界官員可參考英國寄宿學校或者外國私立學校的教育模式,不難發現他們其實少把重點放在大考上,反而多實行具思考性、多樣化和充滿互動的教學。
 
 

*Samuel Chan是英識教育的的負責人

2015年12月29日

http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?we_cat=16&art_id=164627&sid=45828620&con_type=1&d_str=20151229&fc=4

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#Hot Topic
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Education Experts

Samuel Chan, the winner of Alumni Awards 2017, is the founder of Britannia. He had studied in the UK since the age of 9 for 15 years and achieved his master degree in International Political Economy at University of Warwick. Now he shares his experiences and professional advice in education columns in Hong Kong’s major newspapers.

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Mabel Chan is the Principal Consultant of Britannia. Having studied in both the UK and the US, she is an expert in school matching for overseas education. She writes education columns for Sing Tao Daily and The Standard, and answers questions arising from parents and students patiently.

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MB Cheung, our senior consultant, has been writing education columns for major local newspapers for more than 25 years. With his experience and unique insights, he shares a variety of tips and advice on overseas education for the readers (and DSE students)

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