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Monday 22-Jan-2018
【蘋果日報】邱吉爾教反斗英語

「黑暗對峙」的主角邱吉爾,是英國國民尊崇的英文老師。學英文罵人的藝術,邱吉爾是一個有品的特朗普。

 

「黑暗對峙」裡的邱吉爾夫婦出身貴族,他們說話就充滿貴氣。當邱吉爾獲告知即將出任首相,邱吉爾夫人說:"You are on the brink of having tremendous powers"(你處於擁有龐大權力的邊緣)。翻譯為中文相當嘮叨,在英文的語境裡卻很清楚。

 

兩小時的戲採用了許多真實的邱吉爾金句。他在廁所裡收到助理通知樞密院要找他的訊息。樞密院的英文的Privy Council曾一度是香港殖民地時代的終審庭。邱吉爾在廁所裡大叫:But I’m sealed in my privy 。將這個字拆開反其義意來用,是老人家獨特的幽默感。

 

邱吉爾在內閣會議與閣僚爭吵,對方駁嘴插話,邱吉爾咆哮:Would you stop interrupting me, while I am interrupting you? 態度橫蠻得可笑,罵對方同時也有自嘲。片中邱吉爾在背後罵工黨領袖艾德禮「他是一隻披著羊皮的羊」〔A sheep in sheep’s clothing〕。披著羊皮的狼才有殺傷力,一隻羊當然披著羊皮,即是艾德禮為人軟弱。電影沒有包括的另一句尖酸刻薄話評艾德禮:「他是一個謙虛的人,而他完全沒有本錢驕傲得起來的人」(A modest man who has much to be modest about)。還有一句:「一架空的士開到唐寧街,的士門打開,艾德禮走出來了。」〔An empty taxi arrived at number 10 Downing Street, and when the door was opened, Attlee got out 〕,即使這個人,你完全可以把他當透明。

 

對於艾德禮,邱吉爾還算客氣,指摘張伯倫則更為涼薄。張伯倫曾經主理伯明翰市政府,是伯明翰的喉管和地渠專家。一個通渠搭管的工匠被升到首相高位,應付大戰就是當然力有不逮。邱吉爾說張伯倫:「他看外交事務總由城市的地下渠錯誤的一端。」〔He looked at foreign affairs through the wrong end of a municipal drainpipe)。所謂城市暗渠,指的就是「屎渠」。張伯倫在一條糞渠的下端向內窺看,結果就是樓上水廁沖下來的糞尿,把他噴滿一臉。

 

邱吉爾罵政敵不帶髒字,比起特朗普的所謂Shithole,真是一字屎尿屁不着而盡得風流。今日看「黑暗對峙」,不但看出戲中借古諷今,還學到怎樣罵人的英文藝術。

 

但有朋友說,覺得邱吉爾脾氣暴躁,時時咆哮罵人,不尊敬女秘書,有嚴重的男權主義、偏執狂,這樣的人怎樣能做到首相?

 

這也許是電影編導隱藏的問題:如果邱吉爾可以做戰時的首相,萬一第三次世界大戰爆發,美國和西方或正需要一把神經刀。

 

 

smschan1@gmail.com

www.facebook.com/ukchitchat 

原文:https://hk.news.appledaily.com/local/realtime/article/20180122/57731148

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